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Bologna process and academic mobility center



1. Sorbonne Declaration - 1998

The European process has very recently moved some extremely important steps ahead. Relevant as they are, they should not make one forget that Europe is not only that of the Euro, of the banks and the economy: it must be a Europe of knowledge as well. We must strengthen and build upon the intellectual, cultural, social and technical dimensions of our continent. These have to a large extent been shaped by its universities, which continue to play a pivotal role for their development.

2. Bologna Declaration – 1999

The European process, thanks to the extraordinary achievements of the last few years, has become an increasingly concrete and relevant reality for the Union and its citizens. Enlargement prospects together with deepening relations with other European countries provide even wider dimensions to that reality.

3. Prague Communiqué - 2001

Two years after signing the Bologna Declaration and three years after the Sorbonne Declaration, European Ministers in charge of higher education, representing 32 signatories, met in Prague in order to review the progress achieved and to set directions and priorities for the coming years of the process. Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to the objective of establishing the European Higher Education Area by 2010. The choice of Prague to hold this meeting is a symbol of their will to involve the whole of Europe in the process in the light of enlargement of the European Union.

4. Berlin Communiqué – 2003

On 19 June 1999, one year after the Sorbonne Declaration, Ministers responsible for higher education from 29 European countries signed the Bologna Declaration. They agreed on important joint objectives for the development of a coherent and cohesive European Higher Education Area by 2010. In the first follow-up conference held in Prague on 19 May 2001, they increased the number of the objectives and reaffirmed their commitment to establish the European Higher Education Area by 2010.

5. Bergen Communiqué – 2005

We, Ministers responsible for higher education in the participating countries of the Bologna Process, have met for a mid-term review and for setting goals and priorities towards 2010. At this conference, we have welcomed Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine as new participating countries in the Bologna Process. We all share the common understanding of the principles, objectives and commitments of the Process as expressed in the Bologna Declaration and in the subsequent communiqués from the Ministerial Conferences in Prague and Berlin.

6. London Communiqué – 2007

We, the Ministers responsible for higher education in the countries participating in the Bologna Process, have met in London to review progress made since we convened in Bergen in 2005. Based on our agreed criteria for country membership, we welcome the Republic of Montenegro as a member of the Bologna Process.

7. Leuven Louvain-la-Neuve Communiqué - 2009

We, the Ministers responsible for higher education in the 46 countries of the Bologna Process convened in Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, on April 28 and 29, 2009 to take stock of the achievements of the Bologna Process and to establish the priorities for the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) for the next decade.

8. Budapest-Vienna Declaration - 2010

We, the Ministers responsible for higher education in the countries participating in the Bologna Process, met in Budapest and Vienna on March 11 and 12, 2010 to launch the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), as envisaged in the Bologna Declaration of 1999. In 2010, at the Budapest-Vienna Conference, Kazakhstan joined the Bologna Declaration and became the 47th member state of the Bologna Process.

9. Taraz Declaration – 2011
10. Bucharest Communiqué – 2012

We, the Ministers responsible for higher education in the 47 countries of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) have met in Bucharest, on 26 and 27 April 2012, to take stock of the achievements of the Bologna Process and agree on the future priorities of the EHEA.

11. Yerevan Communique – 2015

We,  the  Ministers,  meeting  in  Yerevan  on  14-15  May  2015,  are  proud  to  recognize  that  the vision  which  inspired  our  predecessors  in  Bologna  has  given  rise  to  the  European  Higher Education  Area  (EHEA),  where  47  countries  with  different  political,  cultural  and  academic traditions  cooperate  on  the  basis  of  open  dialogue,  shared  goals  and  common  commitments. Together we are engaged in a process of voluntary convergence and coordinated reform of our higher education systems. This is based on public responsibility for higher education, academic freedom, institutional autonomy,  and commitment to integrity.  It relies public funding and is implemented through a common degree structure,  a shared understanding of principles and processes for quality assurance and recognition, and a number of common tools.

Fourth Bologna Policy Forum Statement 

12. Astana declaration - 2017
13. Paris Communique – 2018

Meeting in Paris on 24 and 25 May 2018, twenty years after the Sorbonne Declaration was signed, we, the Ministers responsible for higher education, wish not only to celebrate the progress made in building the European Higher Education Area over the past two decades, but also to make strong and ambitious commitments for its further development.

We are proud of what the Bologna Process has achieved. We have built something unique: a European Higher Education Area (EHEA) in which goals and policies are agreed upon at European level, and then implemented in national education systems and higher education institutions. This is an area where governments, higher education institutions and stakeholders are shaping the landscape of higher education together; that demonstrates what a joint effort and continuous dialogue among governments and the higher education sector can attain. Through the EHEA, we have paved the way for large-scale student mobility and improved not only the comparability and transparency of our higher education systems, but also increased their quality and attractiveness. The EHEA has promoted mutual understanding and trust, and has enhanced cooperation among our higher education systems.

Fifth Bologna Policy Forum Statement